In 2010, concerned about the very high and increasing burden of road traffic crashes around the world, the United Nations General Assembly
adopted Resolution 64/2551, which proclaimed 2011–2020 the Decade of Action for Road Safety to which the Government of Uganda is a signatory.
The goal of the Decade is to reduce the increasing trend in road traffic deaths, and to save an estimated 5 million lives over the period.
The Resolution followed the publication of the first WHO Global status report on road safety (GSRRS), which had showed, among other major
findings, that the African Region had one of the highest rates of road traffic deaths, along with the Eastern Mediterranean Region.
In order to guide national responses to achieve the decade goal, a global Plan of Action was developed. It provides a practical tool to support governments and other national stakeholders in the development of national and local plans of action, as well as a framework for coordination of activities at regional and global levels. It was determined that the improvement of road safety would be hinged on improvement in the following five areas, also termed pillars for the decade: road safety management, safer roads and mobility, safer vehicles, safer road users, and post-crash response